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Mehdi Moghadam Manesh and Reza Eslamifar on “Groundwater Depletion in Iran: Does Rural Youth Migration Matter?”
March 25 @ 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm EDT
Please join us online Friday, March 25th Noon ET (Boston time. Here is a time converter).
In this Collective Learning Meeting (CLM), WPI System Dynamics, the System Dynamics Society’s Water SIG and the Transboundary Groundwater Resiliency Research (TGRR) network host Mehdi Moghadam Manesh and Reza Eslamifar who will present
Groundwater Depletion in Iran: Does Rural Youth Migration Matter?
Short Description: Iranian agriculture relies heavily on groundwater resources and is responsible for more than 90% of groundwater consumption. The groundwater-dependent agriculture has led to the consumption of about 100 billion cubic meters of groundwater resources in less than 50 years. The main reasons for this dependence are surface water scarcity, low annual precipitation, and improper spatial and temporal distributions of the precipitation. Given such factors and Iranian leaders’ aspirations for agricultural self-sufficiency, groundwater depletion is not surprising. However, two other factors accelerate groundwater depletion: low irrigation efficiency and competition between farmers to harvest more water, referred to as “the tragedy of the commons” in the economic literature. Therefore, although geographical, climatic, and political factors are beyond our control, by encouraging farmers to cooperate and improve irrigation technology, it can be hoped that the problem of groundwater depletion will be managed to some extent. Now, Iran witnesses an increasing rural migration. In this study, we are interested in understanding:
- How can rural youth migration affect “self-organized collective action” and farmers’ motivation to improve irrigation efficiency?
- Under what circumstances may rural youth migration decrease/ increase groundwater consumption?
Mehdi Moghadam Manesh has a BS in mechanical engineering and an MBA and MS in system dynamics. He is passionate about applying system dynamics for policymaking, strategic management, and sustainable development. For additional information, please visit his LinkedIn profile.
Reza Eslamifar has a BS in IT engineering, an MBA, and a PhD in public policy.
Call-in details: https://bit.ly/CLM-2022-03-25