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Sarawak Redefines State Priorities with System Dynamics

Nov 5, 2020 | Cases

The Issue You Tackled

The Centre for Operational Research & Applied Statistics at the University of Salford was awarded a contract during 2003-2005 to offer a more scientific basis on which to formulate future economic and social policy in Sarawak, East Malaysia. The direct project clients were members of the State Planning Unit (SPU). The State, on the northern coast of Borneo, was a former British colony which joined the federated nation of Malaysia in 1963. The purpose of the model was to help government officials manage a change from a predominantly resource based economy to a knowledge based one.

What You Actually Did

A team consisting of a project director, scientific director, development economist and two research assistants gradually secured the information needed to construct the model. A prototype model derived from a high-level map was developed quickly at an early stage in the project. Regular presentations were made as the model was developed, culminating in a special conference of senior State government officials and the modeling team when the final report was presented. The final model consisted of 15 sectors and around 450 equations and mappings. A microworld was constructed around the model to aid its use by non-technical officers. The primary aim was to elevate the standard of modeling used by State Government officials.

Malaysia as a whole is a planned economy which needs a more scientific basis for constructing their 5-yearly plans. The need to improve, substantially, the education system, involving fewer school drop-outs and more significant progression to higher education, particularly in the sciences, were strong features of model runs. Also, there was emphasis on the State incubating R&D schemes which would absorb the increased numbers of scientifically skilled graduates. Perhaps an over-riding conclusion was that we had exposed and convinced government officials as to the merits of SD as a methodology in this sphere of application.

The Results

It is difficult to place a monetary value on its impact. However, the potential benefits to the economy as a whole arising from enhancements to the education system and the incubation of successful enterprise are considerable. The project implanted an awareness and knowledge of SD in Sarawak and in Malaysia more widely – the Borneo Post carried a headline “Government to introduce System Dynamics model” explaining the project and its outcomes.

Name State Planning in Sarawak
Modeler Brian Dangerfield
Client Sarawak State Planning Unit
Client Type Government

Do you want to know more?


A System Dynamics Model for Economic Planning in Sarawak Download
System Dynamics Advances Strategic Economic Transition Planning in a Developing Nation Download


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