System Dynamics Biomedical Modeling
In this Seminar, authors present their work published on the special issue of the System Dynamics Review on Biomedical Modeling. The special issue brings together new research that explores a fascinating array of biomedical problems, from the modeling of pharmacokinetics, hematologic disorders, and blood cell production to chronic disease progression at an aggregate level. System Dynamics health modelers engage with interdisciplinary teams of medical and policy experts in order to explore exciting new biomedical research opportunities.
Learn more about the Seminar Series.
Watch the recording below
Here some answered questions from the Q&A Session!
Which critical data elements should one collect to gather further insight into model behavior? Were you able to collect medical data to calibrate your model? If not, what are the main drawbacks with respect to your conclusions?
We had to use existing data in the literature for model calibration. But of course, we had some problems with that. First, the data we found was not exact numerical values, rather they were presented in graphs. Second, individual data of patients were not included, giving all the statistics as sample averages. Therefore, we could not delve more into the personalization aspect. Additionally, the literature lacked sufficient blood count data under chemotherapy, making it difficult to calibrate for different chemotherapy regimens. What we actually needed was continuous, or at least a high frequency, time-dependent neutrophil counts for individuals with different characteristics, for example, neutrophil response to a single G-CSF shot for 40 hours and blood cell response in a single chemotherapy cycle. [by Orkun İrsoy & Şanser Güz]
How did you come up with alternative treatments? Was it through experimentation or optimization?
Since our main focus was not concentrated on finding an ‘optimal’ treatment, we didn’t use any dose & timing optimization procedure. Effectively, our strategy landscape for treatment protocols at https://www.ctontario.ca/review/online-pharmacy/ is defined by two factors: G-CSF Starting Time and G-CSF Injection Count. The standard protocol starts G-CSF supplementation by the end of the fourth day and continues until the next cycle of chemotherapy. Thus, increasing the injections from the end was not an option as it interferes with the next cycle. In our analysis, we reduced the number of injections to create our alternative protocols, to observe the effects of over-and under-stimulation dynamics. We also tested protocols with different starting times (results included in electronic supplement), but the inferences were no different than the one we derived from our current array of protocols. [by Orkun İrsoy & Şanser Güz]
Read the Articles
System Dynamics of Cancer in Erythropoiesis with Multiple EPO feedbacks by Zamra Sajid, Morten Andersen, and Johnny T. Ottesen
Dynamic Trade‐offs in Granulocyte Colony‐stimulating Factor (G‐CSF) Administration During Chemotherapy by Orkun İrsoy, Şanser Güz, Naz Beril Akan, and Gönenç Yücel
An Evaluation of the Impact of Aggressive Diabetes and Hypertension Management on Chronic Kidney Diseases at the Population Level: A Simulation Analysis by John Pastor Ansah, Shawn Tan Yi Wei, Tessa Lui Shi Min
Modeling the Pharmacodynamics of Nandrolone Doping Drug and Implications for Anti‐Doping Testing by Özge Sahin, Feyyaz Senturk, Yaman Barlas, Hakan Yasarcan
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