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Security, Stability, and Resilience

Introduction to SSR

The Security, Stability, and Resilience (SSR) Special Interest Group (SIG) of the System Dynamics Society focuses on complex systems and messy problems relevant to the issues related to resilience, stability and security. The SIG has a broad interest in the range of context of these messy problems that affects resilience, stability and security (financial, cyber, physical, etc.) as well as the broader related aspects (population, logistics, economics, behavior, etc.). These problems may occur on different levels like local, business, organisational, regional, national or international level.

Security consists of protecting someone or something against potential or plausible threats. Someone or something, threats and threat actors may have different forms or different levels of abstraction. Security includes cyber security, physical security, safety and misinformation.

Stability refers to the quality of being stable and focus on societal mechanisms of de-escalation, conflict solving, peace engineering and justice. Stability limits the effects of conflicts, insurgency, social unrest and (financial and economic) crime.

Resilience refers to the adaptation mechanisms of complex social eco-systems with a view to improving robustness, observe early warning in changing circumstances and adjust proactively to these new circumstances. In this context also prepared readiness is in scope that focusses on being prepared and ready to act upon emerging events.

Two very common dynamic structures in complex systems related to resilience, stability, and security are:

1) The interaction between two or more opposing groups (adversarial dynamics).

2) The responsive actions towards occurred events while maintaining resilience.

More details about the scope of this SIG can be found in the keyword list below.

Security, Stability, and Resilience Bibliography:

The SSR SIG maintains a library, maintains a list of keywords, organizes peer mentoring sessions, organizes SIG meetings. Since the RSS SIG activities are driven by its members, we are open to proposals for other contributions. More details are explained below.

SSR SIG library
The SSR SIG maintains a library of information for its members.

a) Knowledge base for SSR SIG members
The library provides access to publicly available related to resilience, stability, and security literature (papers, publications, etc.), and lists open data sources, potentially relevant journals for publication, and conferences of interest to the SIG.  This library is accessible via this link:

b) Add new literature to the library:
New publicly available literature (papers, publications, etc.), open data sources, and potentially relevant journals for publication or conferences considered relevant for the SSR SIG community can be added to the library via this link:

SSR SIG keywords

The keyword list is a framework for our special interest group that helped us to label papers and research documents in a standardized way. Its purpose is to identify relevant literature in our field more easily.


We use a standardized list with keywords to label papers, books, and other research documents. This list is included in the next slides.

This list helps us to identify relevant literature in our field more easily, identify the expert role of this SIG and demarcate the scope of the SIG.

This list has been created based on topics presented during SSR SIG meetings, topics presented at ISDC conferences, some initial interviews, and feedback received during the 2021 Dialogue Session. The list has been approved during the 2021 Annual SIG meeting.


In the case of a System Dynamics oriented journal, like the System Dynamics Review, we ask to use the first keyword in line with this list.

The next keyword can be used in the case of a specific topic like multi-method modeling, simulation, and analytics using wargaming, and system dynamics modeling.

In case a journal is open to system dynamics but has also different topics, we asked to use the second keyword for “System Dynamics”. 


National security

National security is the security and defense of a nation-state, including its citizens, economy, and institutions, which is regarded as a duty of government. (source: Wikipedia).

Physical security

Physical security describes security measures that are designed to deny unauthorized access to facilities, equipment, and resources and to protect personnel and property from damage or harm. Physical security includes safety.

Cyber security

Cyber security refers to the body of technologies, processes, and practices designed to protect networks, devices, programs, systems, and data from attack, damage, or unauthorized access.  It also allows unfettered trusted use by its owner.


Misinformation is false, inaccurate, incomplete, incomplete, and/or not in time misleading information that is deliberately communicated regardless of an intention to deceive.  Misinformation includes fake news and disinformation.   


A state of tranquility or quiet: such as (1) freedom from civil disturbance (2) a state of security or order within a community provided for by law or custom, (3) a state or period of mutual concord between governments, or (4) a pact or agreement to end hostilities between those who have been at war or in a state of enmity.


A state of armed conflict between (1) different countries, (2) different groups within a country, or (3) non-state actors between countries, where there is a high level of casualties. A war is usually the result of an escalated armed conflict.

Failed state

A state whose political or economic system has become so weak that its government is no longer in control.

Armed conflict

A state of armed conflict between (1) different countries, (2) different groups within a country, or (3) non-state actors between countries, where there is a low level of casualties. An unresolved armed conflict may end in a war.

Unarmed Conflict

A state of unarmed conflict between (1) different countries, (2) different groups within a country, or (3) non-state actors between countries, where parties have a serious disagreement or argument; typically a protracted one. An unresolved unarmed conflict may end in an armed conflict.


The use of violence and intimidation, especially against civilians ( in the pursuit of political aims).


The action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country.


The maintenance of what is perceived as just especially by the impartial adjustment of conflicting claims or the assignment of merited rewards or punishments. A good justice system limits the growth and size of (potential) conflicts. 

Mass shootings

A mass shooting is an incident involving multiple victims of gun violence; with the intent of the shooter(s) to kill as many people as possible.


An action or omission which constitutes an offense and is punishable by law.

Financial Crime

Financial crime is a crime committed against property, involving the unlawful conversion of the ownership of property (belonging to one person) to one’s own personal use and benefit.

Peace engineering

Peace engineering is a multidisciplinary systemically approach that tackles issues like cyber warfare, climate change, poverty, and other conditions that come in the way of long-term stability and peace. 

Emergency planning 

Emergency planning is a multidisciplinary and systematic approach to minimize the effects of incidents or crises. The main objective of emergency planning is to reduce injuries, protect the community, maintain business continuity and minimize damage.

Prepared readiness 

This is a stage of being prepared: readiness. It refers to the procession of sufficient armed forces, industry resources, societal capabilities, or other reserves especially as a deterrent to enemy attack (military) or means that absorb the effect of a disaster or crisis (non-military). 

Crisis management

Crisis management is the systematic approach to avoid a crisis or when a crisis occurs contain it and minimize the effects of

Peer Mentoring Group

The SSR SIG meets every month via ZOOM for a peer mentoring group session. Each month, one SIG member presents his/her/their research, idea, or other relevant topics and receives feedback from participants. If you want to join these sessions, please contact us via


SIG activities and a current list of SSR SIG members are reported annually to the System Dynamics Society. To maintain its recognition by the Society as an established SIG, a minimum of six System Dynamics Society members must be registered as SSR SIG members on an ongoing basis.

The SSR SIG will communicate with the System Dynamics Society Policy Council through written reports submitted to the VP Membership.

Reporting of SSR SIG activities and events as well as other matters of interest to the SIG members will be provided through the mailing list of the SIG. There is a google group mailing list. If you want to be added to this mailing list, please contact us via

The System Dynamics Society provides the online space for this site and provides technical support on an as-needed basis, but the maintenance of its content is the responsibility of the SIG members.

Contact and Contribute

The activities of the SIG are driven by its members. If you want to get in contact, have an idea for the SIG, or would like to join or make an intellectual contribution please reach out to us via

Security Conference Thread Chairs

At the International System Dynamics Conference, the Security Threat is related to the Security, Stability and Resilience (RSSR).

For the 2022 International System Dynamics Conference, Saeed P. Langarudi and Ignacio Martinez-Moyano are the Thread Chairs.

SIG team:
Sander Zeijlemaker, President
Asmeret Naugle, Vice President
Anne M. Johnson, Peer Mentor Group Chair